Step-wise direction to perform Durga Puja
First perform Kalash Puja or Ghatsthapana
Now perform ‘Atma Puja’ for self-purification. This is done by the chanting of the following mantras:
OM APAVITRAH PAVITRO VA SARVAVASTHAM GATOAPI VA,
YAH SMRAIT PUNDARIKA AKSHAM SA VAHY ABHYANTARAH SHUCHIH.
Explanation: Whoever contemplates upon Vishnu gets automatically purified, both mentally and physically.
Tilak : Apply Tilak (an auspicious mark) on your forehead
This is followed by ‘Achman’ (drinking of holy water after accepting it in the palm of the hand), which helps to wash off the sins committed by action, thought and speech. The mantra runs as follows:
OM KESHAVAYA NAMAH, OM NARAYANAYA NAMAH, OM MADHAVAYA NAMAH, OM GOVINDAYA NAMAH.
Explanation: I bow to thee Keshav, I bow to thee Narayan, I bow to thee Madhav, I bow to thee Govind.
SANKALPA : To make a firm resolve (Sankalpa) to achieve the purpose of the ceremony. It is customary to take a little water in one’s hand and make resolve.
AAWAHAN (Pray to invite Ma Durga)
Aagachha Tvam Mahadevi ! Sthane Chatra Sthira Bhav. Yavata Pujaam Karisyami Tavata Tvam Snidho Bhav.
Shri Jagadambaye DurgaDevye Namha. Durgadevimaawahayami. Aawahanartheye Pushpaanjali Samarpayami.
(Offer Flowers to Ma Durga)
Aasan After Dhyan and Mantras, Pray & offer:
Om sarvmangal mangaleye shivesarvaarth sadhike, Sharneye Traymbake gauri Narayani Namostute.
Shri Jagadambaye DurgaDevye Namha. Aasanarthey Pushpani Samarpayami. (offer flowers)
Shri Jagadambaye DurgaDevye Namha. Padayoh Paadham Samarpayami. (offer water to Mother’s Shri Charan)
Shri Jagadambaye DurgaDevye Namha. Hastyoh Arghya Samarpayami. (offer Chandan,Pushpa and Akshat mixed water)
Shri Jagadambaye DurgaDevye Namha. Aachamanam Samarpayami. (Offer Karpoor mixed water)